“I have already become an image”: heritage and identity in indigenous cinema in Brazil

Leading researcher: Rodrigo Lacerda
Research group: Circulation and Place-Making
Type of project: Doctoral research
Status: Ongoing
Keywords: Heritage | Ethnicity | Indigenous people | Indigenous cinema


Main institution: CRIA
Participant institutions: n.a.
Funding: FCT
Reference: SFRH/BD/52265/2013
Starting date: 01-01-14

More information:

Abstract

Heritage, as an activity institutionalized in national and international bodies and regulated by experts, has gained increasing importance in the struggle for the rights of indigenous people in Brazil. The registration by IPHAN of the ritual Yaokwa of the Enawene Nawe as Brazilian Intangible Cultural Heritage in 2010 and its inscription on UNESCO List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding in 2011 is one of the most recent and well-known examples. The valorization of the culture and memory of the indigenous people has, however, a long history and there have been several national and international projects that have supported this less institutionalized approach to heritage. Our research will focus on the work of the NGO Vídeo nas Aldeias (Video in the Villages), which collaborates with the indigenous people in Brazil in the audiovisual area, notably in terms of training, production and distribution of their documentaries. Most films reflect an essentialist view of culture in order to pass it to future generations, although some of the more recent works have begun to adopt a polyphonic perspective reflecting the dissonances inherent to the identity and heritage processes. The research will engage in a multi-sited ethnography of the making of a film, from pre-production to editing and exhibition, in order to understand the various agents, motivations and policies involved. Moreover we will analyze how these elements and cultures are embodied in the filmic object, as well as investigate the effect of this process on the objectified cultural trait, culture and community. In order to complement and frame this, there will be a historical-filmic analysis of three groups of documentaries produced by Vídeo nas Aldeias that epitomize some of the dynamics of the heritage processes in which the NGO has been involved, namely the film made about the ritual Yaokwa for its inscription on the UNESCO List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding.

Researchers from CRIA

IDNamePositionProjTitleProject typeStatus
pub79*João LealSupervisorproj127*"I have already become an image": heritage and identity in indigenous cinema in BrazilDoctoral researchOngoing
pub418*Rodrigo LacerdaResearch scholarproj127*"I have already become an image": heritage and identity in indigenous cinema in BrazilDoctoral researchOngoing
Other researchers

ResearcherPositionInstitutionProjOutrosTitulo_EN