João Leal, Diana Espírito Santo, José Mapril
Circulations and mobilities in contemporary life have been two growing topics of research in anthropology, whose focus on migration, globalization, transnationalism, cosmopolitanisms, and travelling cultural forms (such as religious cosmologies and identities) have stressed flow and interactive forms of sociality and belonging. This focus on circulation has also led to an interest in immobility, read not in its opposition to circulation, but through forms of place-making and reterritorialization, whether these remit to forced geographical stasis or to the politics of making roots and a sense of home, in which other modes of circulation are implicit.
The main objective of this line is to explore “circulations” by fostering research on: (a) movements of people, particularly those connected with international migration; (b) the relationship between these movements and the (re)configuration of socialities, relations and group-making; (c) the articulation of movements of people with the circulation of cultural forms, with special attention to religious processes. In each case, the point is to examine the complex relations between mobility/immobility, flow/closure and social and cultural creativity and/or reproduction.
This research agenda will be carried out in several contexts, with an emphasis on Portugal, Latin America (especially in Brazil), and other Portuguese-speaking countries.
Our aim is to contribute to on-going anthropological debates on forms of movement and roots-making by exploring: (a) the implications of recent developments in new migration trends in Portugal that combine declining immigration and the rise of new waves of emigration; (b) the emergence of new conceptions of transnational connectedness within this contradictory articulation of immigration and emigration; (c) the development of various modes of religious transnationalisms, that bring together the circulation of people, cultural forms and the religious imagination.
Within this framework, we intend to: (a) foster follow up research on immigrant groups in Portugal (remigrations, social mobilities, new aspirations and expectations, etc); (b) incite studies on Portuguese emigration, with a special focus on lesser known or recent migratory contexts, in Brazil and other Portuguese-speaking countries and in Europe; (c) create the conditions for a more integrated discussion of forms of transnational circulation of religion and other modes of movement and creativity in the religious realm.
These research concerns and approaches will be articulated with other lines of research within CRIA, such as on tourism and public policies on migration and religions diversity.